Sustainable Solutions

Sustainable Solutions

In this journey of knowledge, we have talked about a variety of topics, but directed towards the same goal, to let us know that our planet needs our attention and that it makes us understand it in different ways. As we have seen, the subject of ecology is very important and some others have been derived from it, such as epidemiology.

As we have made clear, human beings have developed much more in recent years than in recent decades, however, the environmental impact has been negative.

We have the technology and knowledge to recover a large part of the ecosystems, use our natural resources in a more conscious way, what we call renewable energy.

We cannot ignore the world’s call to change and improve, our planet has a great variety of natural resources that favor the development of a high number of productive activities, regulated for the conservation of ecosystems and health, including those related to the generation of renewable energies, this use of natural fortunes will become the sustainable solutions with which Ic Corporation is committed to contributing to preserve the legacy of helping to protect the planet and all its species.  

Wind farms

Wind farms are wind turbine installations that use the force of the air to produce electrical energy. They are a clean alternative for power generation.

They are a set of wind turbines grouped in a specific area, relatively close to each other. These can be built on land or in the sea. Although the former is more common, the maritime ones have achieved significant growth in recent years, especially in Europe, where wind energy is becoming more important.

The wind turbines present in a wind farm fulfill the function of transforming dynamic energy from the wind into electricity. The amount of power they provide differs according to design variants, turbine locations, and efficiency. Previously, turbines were less adaptable to changes in wind speed and direction.

The operation of a wind farm is based on how a set of wind turbines works. Although there are many types of wind turbines, they all have basic components that work in the same way in all cases, as explained below:

  • The blades begin to rotate due to the action of the wind.
  • The movement of these huge blades causes the hub to rotate.
  • Bushing motion drives a slow speed shaft, which can rotate 10 to 20 revolutions per minute.
  • The energy of the turning movement reaches the multiplier, a box with gears that allows the speed of the turn to be increased. Revolutions reach 1500 turns per minute. There are wind turbines that do not have this component.
  • The accelerated movement is transmitted to the generator, where the mechanical energy is transformed into electricity.
  • The electricity goes down through the tower to transfer it to the network and be distributed to the different electricity supply points.
  • Generally, in wind farms, wind turbines send the energy to a transformation substation to transfer it later to a transformation substation and then to the network. 

Wave energy

Wave energy is that produced from the force of the waves, whose movement produces hydraulic pressure, which is transmitted to floating buoys, to later be converted into electrical energy. It is a very efficient type of renewable energy that is currently being explored.

The waves of seas and oceans are a phenomenon derived from the sun. The radiation from the star causes uneven heating of the Earth and hence the displacement of air masses and the formation of winds that cause waves.

The force of the waves is not only captured on the surface of the seas, but also possible to achieve it in depth. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency, IRENA, although its evolution has barely begun, its potential is enormous: “Some 29,000 Tw (terawatt hours) compared to the 1,200 TWh of potential tidal energy that can be generated by the movement of the tides”. At least on paper, such a volume of energy could cover a growing part of the planetary demand and be among the most promising renewable energies.

With 336,000 kilometers of coastline on the planet, wave energy has enough potential to place it among the emerging renewable energy sources that contribute to greater sustainability in the world. 

Ecological agriculture

Organic farming is based on optimizing the use of natural resources, without using chemical products or genetically modified organisms. Its objective is the production of organic food without neglecting the protection of soils and resources, in addition, it reduces the greenhouse effect and increases fertility.

The main objectives of organic agriculture are to obtain healthy foods, of higher nutritional quality, without the presence of chemically synthesized substances and obtained through sustainable procedures. This type of agriculture is a global production management system, which increases and enhances the health of agrosystems, including biological diversity, biological cycles, and soil activity. This is achieved by applying, whenever possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to the use of synthetic materials to perform any specific function of the system. This form of production, in addition to contemplating the ecological aspect, includes in its philosophy the improvement of the living conditions of its practitioners, in such a way that its objective is attached to achieving the integral sustainability of the agricultural production system; that is, to become a socially, ecologically, and economically sustainable agrosystems.

Natural agriculture, indigenous agriculture, family agriculture, peasant agriculture are types of natural agriculture that seek balance with the ecosystem, they are sustainable agricultural systems that have been maintained over time in different regions of the world seeking to satisfy the demand for natural and nutritious food from people and animals, so that the agroecosystem maintains its balance. Biodynamic agriculture and permaculture share some of their principles and methods but are more recent.  

Rainwater harvesting

The collection and storage of rainwater is essential to avoid the waste of a resource as important as water.

Rainwater harvesting will continue to be a priority subject to financial support for livestock producers who develop so-called silvopastoral livestock projects, since the use of rainwater has been a key factor for profitable actions and with a sustainable approach.

Even the use of membranes and tanks is a tool that can replace or complete the embankments in rural areas. The task of the membranes involves minimizing the loss of water due to the infiltration of the liquid into the subsoil.

The trend is for tanks to be covered with lids to prevent water loss through evaporation, which would be another advance in optimizing the liquid. 


Ecotourism is an ecological concept of tourism, as its name implies. It promotes a form of tourism more oriented towards experiencing the lifestyle of rural communities and enjoying nature, its flora, its fauna, its landscapes. In addition, it avoids the damage and pollution caused by traditional tourism.

Ecotourism is a form of tourism based on the concept of organizing trips to places of natural beauty but doing so in a way that avoids harming the environment while helping the local population. It can be seen as a means of limiting the damage caused by traveling to natural areas, while trying to leave a positive legacy.

Ecotourism places a strong emphasis on areas that feature plant life, animal life, and cultural heritage. There is also often an educational component to ecotourism, with travelers seeking to learn something from their trip and to give something back. back to the people who live in the area as well.

Ecotourism is a type of responsible tourism and is especially popular with environmentalists and those who care about protecting the natural world. Another key objective of ecotourism is to minimize the negative consequences that can be linked to human presence in places of natural beauty, so that future generations can also enjoy them. 

Electric cars

The use of electric cars, especially when the energy that moves them comes from clean energy sources, such as solar or wind power, is a sustainable alternative for transportation, since it does not pollute the environment or produce noise pollution.

They are vehicles powered by one or more electric motors that are powered by the energy stored in a rechargeable battery.

To understand how electric vehicles work, we must first know what the elements that make them up are: on-board charger, battery, converter, and electric motor. These parts are responsible for transforming electrical energy into mechanical energy that translates into the movement that drives the wheels. 

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